Marc Lindberg: " The Development of Addictions: A Developmental Dynamic Systems Theory"
An attachment and dynamic systems theory for the development of addictions will be forwarded along with a new related test battery for differential diagnoses.
In a first study, the Attachment and Clinical Issues Questionnaire (ACIQ) was given to patients in a substance abuse unit and control participants funneled to match from a larger population.
Significant differences were found on the attachment and clinical issues scales in predicted directions. A second study replicated these results with high school students only predicted to be future alcoholics. In another study, path analysis, a form of structural equation modeling, found significant paths between Parental attachments, to Adverse Childhood Events (ACE), to Peer drinking patterns and Partner attachments, to degrees of substance abuse.
These and other studies will consider relationships between nomothetic, ideographic, and ecological constructs in terms of improving treatment outcomes.